Baking Soda for Ants

Natural home remedies are sometimes not as effective as commercial products.  Concern over chemicals used to kill ants and insects is a valid worry especially if kids and pets are around.  These are the facts and myths of using baking soda for ants and ant control, which is a great natural way to rid your home of these insects.

What is Baking Soda?

Baking Soda also known as sodium hydrogen carbonate, is a salt composed of sodium ions and bicarbonate ions.  It is usually small crystals in the form of a powder.  The powder is usually a white fine powder like table salt and has a salty taste. This powder is easily dissolved in water.

Is Baking Soda as An Ant Killer a Myth?

Using baking soda for ants and is a common way to kill off ants and ant colonies.  It isn’t the most effective but it does work.  A better way to get rid of ants is with Borax, which is commonly found in commercial products.  See how to create homemade Borax ant traps.

Baking Soda Ant Killer How it Works

What happens to an ant when it consumes baking soda is like the reaction you get when you mix vinegar and baking soda.  It reacts with the acid in their digestive system creating carbon dioxide as a by-product gas which makes them explode.

How to Get Rid of Ants with Baking Soda

To get rid of ants with Baking Soda it’s best to mixture with a bait, like sugar.  Ants like sugar and sugary substances so this is a perfect bait.  Powdered sugar is the best for use as a bait in this natural nontoxic way of getting rid of ants.

How Long Does It Take for Ants to Die from Baking Soda?

The reaction occurs instantly after consumption.  An ant will not have time to start sharing it to the rest of the nest, so this is not a good long term solution since they do not carry it back to their colony like Borax traps but a way to get rid of ants immediately.

Baking Soda Ant Traps and Commercial Products

Many commercial ant traps products contain the active ingredient Borax.  They aren’t similar to the DIY ant traps below but have perfected the bait that is used to kill ants in the home or in the yard.  Our tests show that Terro’s Liquid Ant Baits and Ant traps were the #1 most effective treatment.  You can find TERRO Liquid Bait Ant Killer in our recommended products.

Homemade Baking Soda Ant Killer and Ant Trap

Baking soda ant traps are only immediately effective and does not kill the colony.  Commercial bait traps are not that expensive and not that much more, if at all, cost effective as a do it yourself trap.  If preferred to go the all-natural way below are instructions on how to create a DIY all natural way to kill ants with baking soda.  Check out our other Natural and Nontoxic Ant Killers.

All supplies and instructions can be found at our Homemade Ant Traps and Ant Killer section.


Amounts needed:

  • 1/4 Ratio Powdered Sugar
  • 3/4 Baking Soda
  • Small flat piece of paper

Steps for homemade baking soda ant trap:

  1. Mix dry powdered sugar with baking soda
  2. Mix 1 1/2 tablespoons of Borax with water and stir until completely dissolved.
  3. Place mixture on piece of paper near trails or close to a large population of ants.

Baking Soda for Ants Outside

To sprinkle baking soda on ant hills isn’t as effective as if mixing it with a bait, like a powdered sugar mixed.  Baking soda sprinkled around a perimeter will deter ants but most likely will not kill the ant pile effectively as other solutions.  It will not kill plants and the surrounding environment.

Baking soda for Ants in the House

Sugar and starches attract ants but baking soda has little effect on attracting the insects.  Making the mixture and placing it before the ant trial will effectively kill the ants as they consume it.

Pet Safe Homemade Ant Killer

Baking soda is alkaline and if ingested will disrupt the acid balance within the stomach.  This could cause an upset stomach but it is not considered toxic. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, little documented toxicity has occurred, and the emergency medicine literature contains no reports of toxicity caused by the ingestion of baking soda.  If you are concerned, please contact your veterinarian for more information.

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